The Congress of Vienna (Part 1) (1814)



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Sources:
Wolfram Siemann, “Metternich: Strategist and Visionary” |
Eric Hobsbawm, “The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848” |
Adam Zamoyski, “Rites of Peace: The Fall of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna” |
Richard J. Evans, “The Pursuit of Power: Europe 1815-1914” |
A. Wess Mitchell, “The Grand Strategy of the Habsburg Empire” |
Robert K. Massie, “Dreadnought: Britain, Germany, and the Coming of the Great War” |

N. Gash, “After Waterloo: British Society and the Legacy of the Napoleonic Wars,” from Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, vol. 28, 1978, pp. 145-157. |
The Annual Register, 1815, Preface |
Voltaire, “An Essay on Universal History, the Manners, and Spirit of Nations” |
The History of Parliament: The 5th Parliament of the United Kingdom |

Music:
“Like,” by Nctrnm
“But Enough About Me Bill Paxton,” by Chris Zabriskie
“I Don’t See the Branches, I See the Leaves,” by Chris Zabriskie
“Orion,” by Josh Stewart
“CGI Snake,” by Chris Zabriskie
“Gown,” by Nctrnm
“Hallon,” by Christian Bjoerklund

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34 comments

  1. What's with the section about this, on the wiki page for Alexander I of Russia? It contrast in an odd way with this interpretation of events.

  2. 00:02, after being thoroughly disappointed by the bad diction of basic terms in these, I'm only here really to laugh at however Talleyrand and von Metternich is going to be mangled for this one, I bet even Wellesley will as well, and that's in English, regardless, strapping myself in for this one, which most first year history degree undergraduates should do, or at A level.

    Well, full marks for saying Bourbon properly, because that's how we've always said that in England. We have some chocolate biscuits called bourbons, and we don't say them like "berbin".

    That also has to be the first time I've ever heard Talleyrand said like that, especially by my professors, who I took my lead from; but he wasn't really a noble in the technical sense before the revolution, was he? He was Bishop of Autun and in the Second Estate, also not taxed as the Church, in fact they were the original untaxed estate, Louis XIII exempted the nobles and nearly brought the entire system crashing down.

    Basic stuff, but I guess too complicated or "complex", as you guys put it. Regardless, Talleyrand is a very interesting character, Jack of all Trades, Master of all, but most of all in cunning and politics, machinations, that was how he was able to get France a much better deal despite the English and Wellesley going around proving the English maxim that he who has the gold gives the orders.

    LOL, the Whigs existed in the 17th Century, did they? You're now saying that they're like the Roundheads, only they're not and the term "Whig" was never used during the English civil war, it is patently false to say that the whigs and tories ever had a civil war in the 17th Century and before the term was ever even coined.

    I suggest you either publish your ground-breaking new research into the whigs or just admit that you were doing some really bad conflation there while (again) relying on the ineptitude of your audience on basic history for you to sell them that other pup of yours.

    I know you're desperate to work a democrat/republican analogy in there, even though we never had the struggle with federalism other American Republics did (like Argentina too for eg), but really it's more that America today has the same outdated bipartisan system that England did 300 years ago of "Whigs vs Tories" and a civil war very much in sight, well done for the clever unworked analogy there staring you right in the face. Yes, no one can imagine having the same "punch and judy" politics of the 18th Century, except for Americans, neither can they draw the obvious lessons from that either.

  3. I remember American History class would talk about “Tories” that left the colonies to Canada during the American revolution and later “Whig” party in 1830. Until this video, I had no idea that theses terms were derived from 18th century British politics. Thanks to you!

    No thanks to American education system.

  4. I would just like to add, that SLOVAKS were not in the south.
    We were the northern part of "Uhorsko" (Hungary), known as "Horné Uhorsko" (Upper Hungary).
    Slovaks were a one of the most populous minorities in Hungarian part of empire, and have lived there for more than thousand years at this time.

    Other than that, love your content 🙂 (especially videos about the romans)

  5. The Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg went to Vienna. The tiny landgraviate Hesse-Homburg was the ONLY of the devolved states, which was restored – and was the tiniest country in the german confederecy.

    All thanks to the sons of the landgrave Fredrick V., which were very successfull commanders in the prussian army during the Coalition Wars.

  6. Alexander I reminds me of the Russians I've known, consistency and principle are two things foreign to Russian academia and politics. They don't have a self-critical culture, and therefor have stunted development.

    Today they're still the conservative shield of Europe, while leading the rest of the continent in divorce, alcoholism, murder, annd drug addiction. When I worked in LA and London, there were all these hot Russian chicks who would put out on the first date and do coke but still go onnnn and onnnn about how important god was to them, before and after getting railed out by an arguably sketchy and immoral guy. Alexander I was a perfectly normal Russian.

  7. You need to do a bit more research.
    Spain and Portugal had colonies hundred years before the British. Also virtually every society ,in every country in the world. at the time in human history took advantage of weaker nabouring country's or people

  8. Alexander is a genius. Playing all of Europe for treating Russia like the enemy of Europe for so long and coming out on top. Master negotiator, mis-understood genius. Look into the theory that he faked his own death and became a monk.

  9. A 99 year run without war between great powers? Are you forgettig the Franco-prussian and Austro-prussian wars. Also the Italian wars of independence with French intervention on the Italian side. Also the Crimean war. If you meant no wars involving all great powers then fair enough but that's not what you said.

  10. That 100 year peace was the pax Britannica, looked down upon theses days by the decolonisers who would have none of their modern day freedoms without the men of previous times fighting for them.

  11. I'm not Austrian, but I so wish they then had gotten rid of Croat men to easily and legitimately posses Istria. This would've given them "another lung" for at least 100 years.
    They could have also proposed tight self-protection alliance with Hungarians and Bohemians. And last but not least, try to lure would-be Bavaria into their realm against up-and-coming Prussia.

  12. I said it before and I say it again. Ditch schools, sit your kids in front of a computer and make them watch stuff like this. Much more informative and much more entertaining and engaging than any teacher in school. Well, any teacher I ever encountered.

    Edit: I just realized that Alexander I. was the Putin of his day.

  13. It doesn't sound like Alexander I of Russia was insane at all. If anything, he's getting away with being hypocritical and pursuing every self-serving end by excusing it as "insanity". From a perspective of self-interest, everything people called him "insane" for is only annoying to them, because it undermined the goals of other countries, which of course Russia was directly competing with.

    Legitimizing Napoleon? If it pisses off the British, it must be good for Russia! Everyone wants a Bourbon king? Then it must be good for them, and therefore bad for Russia!

    After deciding to do something, just use whatever excuse you feel like since people call you "insane" and you don't even take any additional diplomatic consequences.

    And on the domestic front, calling yourself an Enlightened Monarch while being an absolute tyrant is like the oldest trick in the book for selfish tyrants.

  14. Hey Mr. Tallyrand, tally me bananas

    HC it would be significant to see the changes in colonies at the Congress of Vienna.

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